Things to Do in Peru: Top 5 Must-See Attractions



Peru, a country rich in history, culture, and natural beauty, is a treasure trove of wonders that captivate travelers from all around the globe. From its ancient archaeological sites to its breathtaking landscapes, Peru offers a diverse range of experiences that cater to every type of adventurer. If you’re planning a trip to this South American gem, here are five must-see attractions that should be at the top of your itinerary.

Machu Picchu

Things to Do in Peru: Top 5 Must-See Attractions

No trip to Peru is complete without a visit to the legendary Machu Picchu, one of the most iconic archaeological sites in the world. Nestled high in the Andes Mountains, this ancient Incan citadel offers an awe-inspiring glimpse into the country’s rich history. Whether you choose to trek the renowned Inca Trail or opt for a scenic train ride, the sight of Machu Picchu’s magnificent terraces and stone structures is guaranteed to leave you spellbound.

The Sacred Valley

Things to Do in Peru: Top 5 Must-See Attractions

Located just a stone’s throw away from Machu Picchu, the Sacred Valley is a cultural and natural paradise that shouldn’t be missed. This picturesque valley is dotted with traditional Andean villages, ancient Incan ruins, and terraced fields that speak volumes about Peru’s ancient heritage. Immerse yourself in the local culture, explore the vibrant markets, and take in the breathtaking panoramic views of the Andean landscapes.


Things to Do in Peru: Top 5 Must-See Attractions

Known as the historic capital of the Inca Empire, Cusco is a charming city that seamlessly blends the grandeur of its colonial past with the vibrancy of its present-day culture. Stroll through its cobblestone streets, marvel at the Spanish colonial architecture, and visit the impressive Sacsayhuaman fortress. Cusco also boasts a bustling culinary scene where you can indulge in traditional Peruvian dishes that will tantalize your taste buds.

The Nazca Lines

Things to Do in Peru: Top 5 Must-See Attractions

For those with a penchant for mysteries, the Nazca Lines are an enigmatic wonder that continues to intrigue historians and archeologists alike. These ancient geoglyphs, etched into the Nazca Desert, depict various animals, plants, and geometric shapes that are best viewed from the air. Take a thrilling flight over the desert to witness these massive drawings that have puzzled researchers for decades.

The Amazon Rainforest

Things to Do in Peru: Top 5 Must-See Attractions

Peru is home to a significant portion of the Amazon Rainforest, one of the most biodiverse regions on the planet. Embark on an unforgettable journey into the heart of the Amazon to encounter an incredible array of wildlife, from vibrant macaws and elusive jaguars to playful river dolphins. Engage in eco-friendly tours led by knowledgeable guides to gain a deeper understanding of this vital ecosystem and its conservation efforts.

Peru offers an unparalleled fusion of history, nature, and adventure, making it a dream destination for travelers seeking a truly immersive experience. With its remarkable archaeological wonders, breathtaking landscapes, and vibrant culture, Peru promises an unforgettable journey that will leave you with lasting memories and a newfound appreciation for the richness of this captivating country.

Key things to know

When planning a trip to Peru, there are several key things to keep in mind to ensure a smooth and enjoyable experience. From cultural nuances to practical travel tips, understanding these key aspects can significantly enhance your journey. Here are some essential points to know before visiting Peru:

Cultural Etiquette

Peruvian culture is deeply rooted in traditions and customs, and it’s essential to respect local etiquette during your visit. Greeting people with a handshake, being mindful of personal space, and showing respect for traditional customs are crucial aspects of Peruvian etiquette. Learning a few basic phrases in Spanish, the predominant language, can also go a long way in fostering positive interactions with locals.

Altitude Considerations

Many of Peru’s popular attractions, such as Cusco and Machu Picchu, are situated at high altitudes. Travelers should be aware of the potential effects of altitude sickness and take necessary precautions, such as acclimatizing slowly, staying hydrated, and avoiding strenuous activities upon arrival. Consulting a healthcare professional before your trip can provide valuable insights on managing altitude-related challenges.

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Cuisine and Dining

Peru is celebrated for its diverse and flavorful culinary offerings, including traditional dishes like ceviche, lomo saltado, and causa. Exploring local markets and trying authentic Peruvian cuisine is a must-do experience. However, it’s crucial to be cautious with street food and stick to reputable restaurants to avoid any potential health concerns. Additionally, being open to trying unique flavors and local delicacies can add a delightful dimension to your travel experience.

Weather and Climate

Peru’s climate varies significantly depending on the region and the time of year. While the coastal areas tend to experience a mild climate, the highlands and the Amazon Rainforest can have distinct weather patterns. Packing accordingly with layers, waterproof gear, and appropriate footwear is essential, especially if you plan to explore diverse landscapes ranging from the Andes Mountains to the tropical Amazon basin.

Safety and Security

Like any travel destination, it’s crucial to prioritize safety during your visit to Peru. While the majority of areas frequented by tourists are generally safe, exercising vigilance, especially in crowded places and tourist hubs, is advisable. Keeping important documents secure, being cautious of pickpockets, and staying informed about local scams can help prevent potential inconveniences during your trip.

By acquainting yourself with these key considerations, you can embark on your Peruvian adventure well-prepared and equipped to embrace the country’s rich cultural heritage, awe-inspiring landscapes, and warm hospitality.

Frequently asked questions

The following are some frequently asked questions about visiting Peru, along with their answers:

Q: What is the best time to visit Peru?

A: The best time to visit Peru largely depends on the specific regions you plan to explore. The coastal areas are generally pleasant year-round, while the Andean highlands experience a dry season from May to September, making it an ideal time for trekking and visiting Machu Picchu. The Amazon Rainforest region is typically best visited during the drier months from May to October.

Q: Do I need a visa to visit Peru?

A: Travelers from many countries, including the United States, Canada, the European Union, Australia, and New Zealand, can enter Peru as tourists without a visa for a specified duration. However, it’s essential to check the specific visa requirements based on your nationality and the purpose of your visit before planning your trip.

Q: What are the must-try Peruvian dishes?

A: Peru is renowned for its diverse and flavorful cuisine. Some must-try dishes include ceviche (marinated raw fish or seafood), lomo saltado (stir-fried beef), causa (a layered potato dish), and aji de gallina (shredded chicken in a spicy sauce). Additionally, don’t miss out on trying traditional Peruvian beverages such as the refreshing chicha morada (purple corn drink) and the iconic Pisco Sour cocktail.

Q: Is it safe to drink tap water in Peru?

A: While tap water in major cities is generally treated and safe to drink, it is advisable for tourists to stick to bottled or filtered water to avoid any potential health issues. It’s also recommended to be cautious when consuming raw fruits and vegetables that may have been washed in tap water.

Q: What are the transportation options within Peru?

A: Peru offers various transportation options, including domestic flights, long-distance buses, and trains. While domestic flights are efficient for traveling between major cities, buses are a popular and affordable choice for exploring different regions. Additionally, the train network is an excellent option for reaching popular tourist destinations such as Machu Picchu and the Sacred Valley.

By familiarizing yourself with these commonly asked questions, you can better plan your trip to Peru and ensure a seamless and memorable travel experience.


In conclusion, Peru stands as a captivating destination that beckons travelers with its rich cultural heritage, breathtaking landscapes, and culinary delights. With iconic attractions such as the ancient marvel of Machu Picchu, the enigmatic Nazca Lines, and the lush expanse of the Amazon Rainforest, Peru offers a diverse array of experiences that cater to a wide range of interests.

While immersing oneself in Peru’s vibrant culture and exploring its historical treasures, it’s crucial to remain mindful of the altitude variances, weather patterns, and cultural nuances that shape the country’s unique tapestry. By respecting local customs, staying vigilant, and being mindful of safety precautions, travelers can forge unforgettable memories and forge a deeper connection with this dynamic South American nation.

Whether you are drawn to the awe-inspiring landscapes of the Andes, the mysteries of ancient civilizations, or the flavors of Peruvian cuisine, a journey to Peru promises an adventure that transcends borders and leaves an indelible mark on the hearts of those fortunate enough to experience its wonders. Embrace the spirit of exploration and discovery as you embark on a transformative voyage through the vibrant tapestry of Peru.

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